What causes them: "There are two main reasons for dark circles," says Dr. Benabio. "One is sluggish blood flow to blood vessels, which causes a discoloration in the eye area. Two, dark circles can be caused by excess pigment produced from the melanocytes, or pigment cells." Dark circles are usually hereditary but can also be caused by allergies, a chronic stuffy nose, and rubbing your eyes.
How to get rid of them: "An eye cream rich in vitamin K should reduce the coagulation of blood in the area and diminish the appearance of dark circles," says Dr. Benabio. Also, try covering up dark areas with concealer, which should be a shade lighter than your foundation but still thick enough to cover up any discolorations.
What causes them: Squinting, smiling, and other facial movements
How to get rid of them: "To prevent fine lines around your eye area, wear sunglasses," says Dr. Benabio. "Look for a cream that contains antioxidants. Although antioxidants aren't used to treat wrinkles, they can minimize the damage done to your skin and prevent new wrinkles from forming."
What causes them: Stress, not enough sleep, water retention, and fatty deposits
How to get rid of them: When getting more sleep or reducing stress is not an option, creams can help reduce the buildup underneath skin that inflates under-eye bags. Hemorrhoid cream (yes, hemorrhoid cream) contains active ingredients that constrict blood vessels and lighten the area. "Extra caution should be taken, as the cream can have adverse effects and can be dangerous if it gets into your eyes," warns Dr. Benabio. "A safer bet is placing caffeinated tea bags over eyes or applying a cream that contains caffeine."
What causes them: Aging, breakdown of collagen and elasticity around the eyes
How to get rid of them: "The simple use of a cream is not enough to make deep-set wrinkles disappear," says Dr. Benabio. "However, retinoids can smooth fine lines. The most potent option would be the prescription Tazorac, which is the strongest retinoid cream available." You can also try a primer to fill in lines so your foundation goes on more smoothly.
Have All These Eye Issues? Try This Multitasker: 30s - 40s
Peter Thomas Roth Eye Overhaul Duo
This eye cream container houses both a night and day cream (how convenient!). Both formulas contain ingredients to hydrate and smooth the eye area. Bonus: The day formula contains SPF 30.
Have All These Eye Issues? Try This Multitasker: 50s - 60s
SkinCeuticals A.G.E. Eye Complex
Continual use of this cream, which is targeted for more mature skin, will increase skin elasticity of the eye area while working to smooth out fine lines and crow's-feet.